Pulse Rate February 2014

Despite 60 minutes of regulation time in an NFL game over a span of about 3 hours, the ball is in play for around 12 minutes.

Thinking of eloping? Judicial centers in Puerto Rico hold free weekly marriage ceremonies for US citizens. Plane fare and formal wear are extra.

The proper name of the cardboard sleeve put around a hot cup of coffee is zarf (plural zuruuf). It originated in medieval Turkey, but was made of sturdier materials then.

The first permanent artificial heart currently in development leaves the bearer with no heartbeat. Propeller blades circulate the blood instead of a pump.

The Constitution does not require US Supreme Court justices to have any formal legal training. All justices appointed before 1845 either apprenticed or were self-taught.

When Stephen Spielberg finally graduated film school in 2002, he submitted Schindler’s List as his senior thesis. He won Oscars for Best Picture and Best Director as well as a slew of other Academy Awards, Golden Globes and major international awards when the film was released in 1993.

The leafhopper insect (Issus coleoptratus) is the only animal with gears as body parts. They help synchronize the legs when making big jumps.

The extremely rare radioactive element Californium is considered the most expensive element in the world, topping out at about $27 million per gram.

Lake Erie’s Middle Island is the southernmost point in Canada. The 46-acre area of Ontario is at the same latitude as the lower Hudson Valley.

Oscar Hammerstein II is the only Oscar-winner named “Oscar.” He won twice for best Original Song in 1942 and 1946.

Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the US is the only one not to swear on the Bible. Instead he affirmed on a volume of law. His presidency was a disaster. Coincidence?

There are 292 different ways to make change for $1.